The Puritan migration was overwhelmingly a migration of families unlike other migrations to early America, which were composed largely of young unattached men. When this raised problems for second-generation residents, they adopted the Half-Way Covenantwhich permitted baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share the privileges of church membership.
Even the men who had long hair, was an act submissive enough to bring them under suspicion of being subversive to the church.
Denied the opportunity to reform the established churchEnglish Puritanism turned to preaching, pamphlets, and a variety of experiments in religious expression and in social behaviour and organization.
Every aspect of their lives, from political views and employment to recreation and dress, was taken into account in order to live a more pious life. Following hard upon the arrival in New England, dissident groups within the Puritan sect began to proliferate— QuakersAntinomians, Baptists—fierce believers who carried the essential Puritan idea of the aloneness of each believer with an inscrutable God so far that even the ministry became an obstruction to faith.
Meanwhile, the New Model Armywhich had defeated the royalist forces, feared that the Assembly and Parliament would reach a compromise with King Charles that would destroy their gains for Puritanism, so it seized power and turned it over to its hero, Oliver Cromwell.
GangraenaAn introduction to Gangraena by Thomas Edwards, a Puritan clergyman who was sharply critical of those whose theological positions differed from his own. Eric Foner and John A. But if we regard Puritanism as a way of seeing the world, as an excruciating but exquisite program of self-scrutiny by which the stirrings of grace might be acknowledged and the divinely sanctioned energies of the soul put to use—in both benevolent and violently destructive ways—then we must account it the dominant spiritual regimen of early America.
An entire community living as God had directed men to live, this was the vision that spurred thousands of people to make the dangerous Atlantic journey to New England. By the beginning of the eighteenth century, Puritanism had both declined and shown its tenacity.
During the reign of Queen Elizabeth Ian uneasy peace prevailed within English religious life, but the struggle over the tone and purpose of the church continued.
In actuality, the Puritans were against certain human actions that they regarded as evils: They dreamed of a society where everybody followed the laws and lived a peaceful, god-fearing existence. Through all of these things, the most important was to be mindful of God at all times.
They believed only a minority of the population pure enough to be a part of the church. They attempted this by making laws about and regulating every aspect of life in the colony. Still others were content to remain within the structure of the national church, but set themselves against the doctrinal and liturgical vestiges of Catholic tradition, especially the vestments that symbolized episcopal authority.
To achieve this, the church needed to rule the colony. Some were deprived of their positions; others got by with minimal conformity; and still others, who could not accept compromise, fled England. Many men and women were more and more forced to contend with the dislocations—emotional as well as physical—that accompanied the beginnings of a market economy.
Nevertheless, the Puritan spirit continued to spread, and when civil war broke out between Parliament and Charles in the s, Puritans seized the opportunity to urge Parliament and the nation to renew its covenant with God.
The city of God was destined to be built in New England and the Puritans intended to be the founders. To make this dream realizable, the Puritans created severe penalties for breaking the laws.
Subsistence farmers were called upon to enter the world of production for profit. Under the rule of primogeniture, younger sons tended to enter the professions especially the law with increasing frequency and seek their livelihood in the burgeoning cities.
One such faction was a group of separatist believers in the Yorkshire village of Scrooby, who, fearing for their safety, moved to Holland in and thence, into the place they called Plymouth in New England.Puritanism: The People, Religion, and Poetry Puritan literature began the American tradition.
Though they followed the traditions of European poetry, later American poets continued this borrowing from Europe, until innovations led American poetry further away from the standards the Puritans had held for poetry.
The Origin and Development of Puritanism Puritanism: Puritanism was a loosely organized reform movement originating during the English Reformation of the sixteenth century.
The name came from efforts to "purify" the Church of England by those who felt that the Reformation had not yet been completed.
Free Essay: Puritanism: The People, Religion, and Poetry Puritan literature began the American tradition. Though they followed the traditions of European.
Puritanism Romanticism And Transcendentalism English Literature Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd The plainness of the Puritanism works, their simplicity, made literal works available for all of the people.
It does not mean that Puritanism authors were illiteral; they just tended to make people a little bit closer to religion. Puritanism: Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered.
Essay 1, Question 1 The Puritans In the early decades of the seventeenth century, Puritanism transformed the face of England and America. Seventeenth-century Puritans were Words | 2 Pages/5(1).Download